Japanning - (Wood)

TheAntiqueTrade.co.uk Glossary of Antique Terms J

Japanning - (Wood) Lacquered or japanned furniture from the Orient began to arrive in England in the second half of the seventeenth century. The best came from Japan. By 1688 Stalker & Parker had brought out their book called "Treatise of Japanning and Varnishing", and by the end of the seventeenth century most lacquered furniture was being japanned in England. The ground of the piece to be decorated was coated with layers of 'varnish' and polished when dry. The ornament in the Oriental style was drawn on the surface with gold size or vermilion mixed with gum water, and the raised portions put on with a paste composed of whiting and gum arabic. Bantam-work which is incised designs was also used. The taste for japanned furniture extended to the end of the eighteenth century. See Lacquer.

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