German Glass - (Glass) Glossary of Antique Terms G

German Glass - (Glass) In the Middle Ages Waldglas was the staple, green, brown, yellow, design evolving from low, Roman shapes to tall, vertical Gothic. The great German glassmaking centres were Bohemia, Saxony, Silesia, Potsdam. Painting with enamels dates from the sixteenth century, particularly in Bohemia and Saxony. Like the English, Germanic glass-workers strove to make their own equivalent of the Venetian cristallo, and about 1680 a new formula was discovered, in Bohemia, which brought success. Chalk was added to the mix and potash replaced soda; the resultant glass was suited to deep cutting and had a hard brilliance. By the beginning of the eighteenth century engraving of a high artistic standard was being done in Bohemia, Silesia and Potsdam. Opaque-white became popular about this time.


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