Derby - (Ceramics Porcelain England)

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Derby - (Ceramics, Porcelain, England) The origins of porcelain-making at Derby are obscure; some authorities suggest the year 1745. By 1756 the enterprise was under the direction of William Duesbury and John Heath. In 1770 the Chelsea factory was purchased; in 1776 (or 1778) Bow was the victim, being closed down. About 1780 Heath went bankrupt and Duesbury continued as sole owner till his death in 1786 whereon his son, another William, took over and ran the factory until his death in 1796. But the latter had thoughtfully taken a partner in 1795, and this partner, Michael Kean, married his widow and continued the business for some years. William Duesbury III was briefly at the helm, for a time with a partner, William Sheffield, but then the concern passed into the hands of Robert Bloor and stayed there until Bloor's mind failed him about 1827. James Thomason took over the management, later jointly with Thomas Clarke, and kept things going till the factory closed down in 1848. The extant Royal Crown Derby Porcelain Company was established in 1877. Early Derby shows the influence of Meissen via Chelsea and then Meissen direct. About 1770 bone-ash was introduced into the paste. Figures were a specialty, at first based on Meissen originals, then on Sevres (the notable biscuit figures) ; many have 'patches' under the base, due to the fact that the figures were placed on pads of clay (three, sometimes four) in the kiln. Painted decoration of a high order was characteristic right up till the end of the eighteenth century. Japan patterns were favored, and revived successfully by the Crown Derby Company. It is usual to speak of a deterioration after the turn of the century. Note that strictly speaking 'crown Derby' are wares produced by the Crown Derby Porcelain Company. Marks are rare on early Derby, but 'n' and 'Derby' have been observed, a 'n' with an anchor running across it (ChelseaDerby?); the crown seems to date from the late 1770's, with various devices beneath it-an anchor, a 'n', a cross with dots, the monogram 'nx' (Duesbury & Kean), a 's' (Bloor). The Meissen mark is often found.

Derby Porcelain (Antique Collector's Guide)Derby Porcelain (Antique Collector's Guide) 

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