Chelsea Porcelain Factory - (Ceramics Porcelain England) Glossary of Antique Terms C

Chelsea Porcelain Factory - (Ceramics, Porcelain, England) The Chelsea porcelain factory was in existence by 1745; silversmiths of French descent seem to have been prominent in the founding of the works; Nicholas Sprimont, who was to become owner, may have been connected with the factory from the start. It is usual to speak of four periods at Chelsea: Triangle 1745-50; Raised Anchor 1750-4; Red Anchor 1754-8; Gold Anchor 1758-70. At first the body was glassy, the celebrated 'moons', or spots of greater translucency, persist until the late 50's when bone-ash was introduced into the paste. Oriental influences are strong in the early wares, but by 1750 Meissen tends to be the model and by 1758 Sevres provides the inspiration. It is generally agreed that the finest porcelain made in England during the eighteenth century was made at Chelsea. Figurines are particularly esteemed. Many of the best pieces bear no mark. A figure with a fine mark under the base is probably a forgery as it was customary to mark figurines inconspicuously low down on the back.


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